Brussels dating scene
Together with the resulting fire, it was the most destructive event in the entire history of Brussels.
The Grand Place was destroyed, along with 4,000 buildings – a third of all the buildings in the city.
The most common theory of the origin of the name Brussels is that it derives from the Old Dutch Bruocsella, Broekzele or Broeksel, meaning marsh (bruoc / broek) and home (sella / zele / sel) or "home in the marsh". The names of all the municipalities in the Brussels-Capital Region are also of Dutch origin, except for Evere, which is of Celtic origin. Inhabitants of Brussels are known in French as Bruxellois and in Dutch as Brusselaars.
In the Brabantian dialect of Brussels, they are called Brusseleers or Brusseleirs. In the Belgian French pronunciation as well as in Dutch, the k eventually disappeared and z became s, as reflected in the current Dutch spelling, whereas in the more conservative French form, the spelling remained.
To let the city expand, a second set of walls was erected, between 13.
Today, traces of it can still be seen, mostly because the small ring, a series of roadways in downtown Brussels, bounding the historic city centre, follows its former course.
In 1183, the Counts of Leuven became Dukes of Brabant.
In 1695, during the Nine Years' War, King Louis XIV of France sent troops to bombard Brussels with artillery.
In the early 13th century, the city got its first walls.
After the construction of the city walls, Brussels grew significantly.
Charles would construct the first permanent fortification in the city, doing so on that same island.
Lambert I of Leuven, Count of Leuven, gained the County of Brussels around 1000, by marrying Charles' daughter.
Through the marriage of his daughter Mary of Burgundy (who was born in Brussels) to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, the Low Countries fell under Habsburg sovereignty.